1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Science is commonly acknowledged as being extremely important on a global scale, both for the economic well-being of nations and for the necessity for scientifically knowledgeable citizenry (Fraser & Walberg, 1995). Due to the numerous obstacles that they face, knowledge of science and technology is a prerequisite in all countries and for all individuals worldwide. New drug-resistant diseases, the impacts of genetic research and engineering, the ecological impact of contemporary technology, the hazards of nuclear war and explosions, and global warming are just a few of the issues (Alsop & Hicks, 2001). As a result, rapid changes are occurring in industries such as manufacturing, communication, agriculture, and medicine. By boosting technical growth, expanding national prosperity, enhancing health, and industrialisation, science as a development tool plays a significant role in bringing about these changes (Validya, 2003). Weham, Dorlin, Snell, & Taylor (1984) stressed that sciences have always been and would continue to be fundamental disciplines.