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Education as a development tool allows for the acquisition of new skills and information that are required for the socioeconomic transformation of human civilization. In every nation, state, or local government area, infrastructure facilities provide an assistance to educational programs. Dare (2014) defines infrastructural facilities as all of a school's accessible assets that may be utilized to promote and assist successful teaching and learning while also protecting the inhabitants' physical well-being. This means that no educational program can work properly without adequate infrastructure, such as decent buildings (pleasant classrooms), good roads (accessible), technology (computer), water supply, electricity supply, food supply, and so on. Educational programs such as formal, informal, and non-formal may work as envisaged with the supply of the aforementioned infrastructural amenities (Oyedeji, 2012). Infrastructural facilities are the physical manifestation of the school curriculum, in that the sort of infrastructural facilities to be created and the function they will serve are largely determined by the school curriculum. At order to guarantee their relevance to the school curriculum and successful teaching and learning in educational institutions, infrastructure facilities must be properly and carefully designed, built, and maintained. As a result, well-designed and functioning school facilities with a diverse range of instructional aids enable successful delivery of the school's curriculum and improve students' academic achievement (Dare, 2014). In Nigeria, infrastructure facilities are as ancient as Western education. Every organization, such as schools, is set up to achieve certain goals and objectives that must be met. The supply and maintenance of suitable facilities is one of the key criteria for the efficient implementation of organizational objectives. Infrastructure, according to Ekong (2008), are physical amenities that help people live more happy and productive lives. Physical resources put in place in the school system for the benefit of teaching and learning processes, as well as for the attainment of successful academic objectives, are referred to as infrastructure facilities.

However, stakeholders in Nigeria's education sector are concerned about the rapid depreciation of secondary school structures. Because of inadequate upkeep of our public structures and amenities, the majority of our school buildings are in a dreadful condition of despair till they fully collapse. This scenario, however, is relevant to Nigerian highways, government vehicles, public buildings, and government enterprises, as well as secondary and elementary school structures and infrastructure. Non-maintenance and reckless usage of public services are both evident (Muklerjee,1978).

Any society's future is inextricably linked to the quality of its young. As a result, numerous authors have underlined the need of appropriate child rearing. "A decent house, care in raising children throughout early days (primary school age) after birth may contribute to the desired behavior in their personality," Muklerjee (1978) remarked. The house is the location where the family raises their children. It's also where a child's early education or socializing normally begins, thus it's where the first educational resources are found. Education, on the other hand, is a process through which people's skills and talents are developed, according to many educators.

The above represents the status of the majority of secondary schools throughout the country. Roofs have been blown off, walls have deteriorated, and furniture is shoddy and terribly insufficient in several schools. Some of the school buildings date back roughly four (4) decades. The depreciation of a school's physical structure and infrastructure, on the other hand, is determined by a number of factors, including the quality of the original construction and materials, as well as the quality of maintenance provided to allow for effective teaching and learning in public secondary schools.


It has been noticed that in order to promote good secondary school teaching and learning, the government must spend heavily in putting in place the necessary infrastructure (Akpomi & Amesi,2013). As a consequence, secondary schools, particularly in Benue state, are anticipated to have and use the newly acquired infrastructure, which includes libraries, scientific labs, school buildings, a pleasant atmosphere, model offices, and office accommodations, among other things. Despite these infrastructure amenities, the study discovered that many secondary school infrastructure facilities are not adequately maintained. Most of the time, books in libraries, school facilities, laboratory equipment, sports facilities, and other infrastructural facilities are ignored, and these infrastructural assets are often damaged and stolen by students and certain management employees (Akpomi & Amesi,2013). Hence the need to look into school infrastructure as a contributory factor to effective teaching  and learning in secondary  schools.


The general objective of the study is to examine school infrastructure as a contributory factor to effective teaching  and learning in secondary  schools. Specifically, the study will be guided by the following:

i   To analyse the impact of maintenance of school infrastructure on effective teaching and learning in public secondary school.

ii. To examine the benefit of good or bad infrastructure on effective learning of students in public secondary schools .

iii. To determine the challenges in the maintenance of infrastructure in the public secondary schools in Nigeria.

iv. To recommend ways through which school infrastructure can be improved for the  effective teaching and  learning.

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