1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Motivations are energizing factors that drive the action of any living entity, including humans. Because motivation keeps employees dedicated to their obligations and encourages them to take their jobs seriously and passionately. According to Adebisi, (2001), one of the reasons for the success of employees and hence organizations is the presence of high levels of motivational variables in those businesses.
Motivation is the driving force that propels, directs, and sustains conduct. It might be intrinsic, where behavior is influenced by factors that originate from the job itself and are self generated, or extrinsic, where behavior is influenced by elements that occur when things are done or for individuals to motivate them (Armstrong, 2012).
In recent years, there has been a focus on the role that motivational tools play in encouraging employees to give their all at work. Various studies have revealed that people work hard if their basic requirements are addressed (Adebisi, 2001)). They argue that managers in institutions must be aware that employees have values, attitudes, and feelings that influence their performance significantly, and that these values, attitudes, and sentiments change from one employee to the next. Since their inception in the 1990s, universities have faced challenges such as government policies, curriculum innovations, religion, limited resources, the limitations of state universities, the prevalence of human immuno virus/autoimmune diseases (HIV/AIDS), quality maintenance, and rising demand for higher education.
Staff motivation is a factor that influences employees to pursue job tasks or goals. According to Hackett (2006), motivation is something that implies a person to behave, a reason for behavior. It is about recognizing the need for urge that drives people to accomplish things and providing strategies for organizations to assist them in satisfying those requirements. Motivation is the sense of need, the desire that drives a person to perform. According to Stoner Chowdhury, (2009), motivation is a human psychological trait that incorporates the variables that create, channel, and sustain human behavior. Motivation is concerned with "what makes individuals think." Staff motivation is one of the policies used by management to improve the effectiveness of job performance among employees in businesses. Motivated employees are aware of the specific goals and objectives that must be met, and they direct their efforts in that direction. According to Bulkns, (2009), motivation makes an organization more effective because motivated employees are continually looking for better ways to execute their jobs. Getting people to execute their best job, especially in difficult situations, is one of the most stable and significant problems, and this may be accomplished by inspiring them.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The majority of Nigerian local governments have been confronted with multifaceted issues. Inefficiency, low production, and bureaucratic bottlenecks are only a few of the issues. According to Anuguom (2000), "the challenges that universities face include: a lack of capacity, corruption, excessive bureaucracy, the leadership component, and discontent." These issues have persisted and become endemic in Nigeria's local government structure. Many of the universities are bankrupt. They have under performed expectations and rely primarily on government funding to stay afloat, failing to justify massive human, material, and financial expenditures in the organizations. Universities have become plagued by inefficiency, corruption, and low productivity.
Adebisi, (2001) opines that employees that are happy and motivated provide fantastic service to the organization, with outstanding outcomes to back it up. Staff at universities find it difficult to address the requirements of the students and clients if their own personal needs are not met. The administration of universities is responsible for the well-being and effectiveness of their workforce, as well as providing exceptional services (Adebisi, 2001). Employees must be motivated in order to boost production.