1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education is the answer to all problems, as it is a requirement for man in today's competitive world. it is the only thing that fosters healthy habits, morals, and knowledge of issues such as terrorism, corruption, and other issues. Education is a person's strength as well as a requirement. It is the sole essential means of bringing about the necessary changes and improvements in society. Every person's life is built on their education. In education, the following are required:
1. Find out what it can do for you or how it can make your life better.
2. Look for people who can serve as role models for you.
3. Put forth your best effort.
4. Be sociable.
5. Educate yourself about environmental issues.
6. With information, you may try flying or other things; not only is it enjoyable and profitable, but you are also learning.
7. Discover what motivates you.
Education may cure or kill, bind or break apart, elevate or deprave, according to Brembeck (1966). It is the sum of all the processes by which a person develops talents, skills, and other forces of constructive behavior in the society in which he lives, broadly defined (Fafunwa,1982). Education is seen as a tool for integrating individuals into society in order for them to attain self-realization, build national awareness, promote unity, and strive for social, economic, political, scientific, cultural, and technical advancement (Afe, 1995). They will be less likely to find work and provide for their family in the future if they do not have a solid education. With fewer people working and more people in need of assistance, pre- service teachers without quality education will struggle to flourish.
High-quality education may assist to alter this, allowing nations to develop for the greater good of everyone. Quality education contributes to building of strong institutions in the society. An additional year of high education makes nations wealthier, less reliant on foreign help, and better suited to trade in the long term. The following are the top educational priorities: i. Improving educational outcomes. ii. Reaching out to more children, particularly those in vulnerable situations. iii. Keeping females, especially the most disadvantaged, safe.
Primary and lower secondary education get greater attention, although higher education skills and early childhood education are also studied. In its broadest meaning, it is a kind of learning in which a group of people's knowledge, abilities, values, beliefs, and habits are passed down from generation to generation. Informal transfer of such knowledge from one human being to another may be considered education. Education is often done with the help of others, but learners may also educate themselves (autodidactic learning). Any event that has a formative influence on one's way of thinking, feeling, or doing may be classified as educational. Preschool, primary school, secondary school, and finally college, university, or apprenticeship are frequent and officially demarcated phases in education. The science and practice of teaching is known as pedagogy. Some countries have acknowledged the need of proper education. Article 13 of the United Nations International Covenant of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, which was signed in 1966, acknowledges everyone's right to an education. Although education is required in most regions until a certain age, attendance at school is not always required, and a small percentage of parents prefer to home teach their children, often with the use of contemporary electronic instructional technologies (also called e-learning). Education is often seen as a method of overcoming disadvantages, establishing more equality, and gaining riches and prestige for everybody (sergeant, 1999). Education is also often seen as a place where students may grow in accordance with their specific needs and abilities, with the goal of developing each person to their maximum potential.
There has been much interest in learning modalities and styles over the last two decades. The most commonly employed learning modalities are:
Visual: learning based on observation and seeing what is being learned.
Auditory: learning based on listening to instructions/information.
Kinesthetic: Learning that is centered on movement, such as doing hands-on work and participating in activities. Musical, interpersonal, verbal logical, and intrapersonal modalities are also often used.
Education is very significant and necessary in a person's life. There is a need for knowledge in order to live a rich or better life. Education enables a person to have a better life and to be more socially well-adjusted. It contributes to our next feature in a positive way. Education enables a person to achieve their full potential in mind and spirit and provides a wealth of information in all areas. The more information you acquire, the more you will grow. More than 57 million children throughout the globe do not attend elementary school, according to UNESCO. Even after four years of schooling, at least 250 million youngsters are unable to read or count. Every kid has the opportunity to attend school, but it isn't just about getting them in the door. It's also about ensuring that they're well-educated and that what they learn benefits them in the long run.
Types of education
· Formal education
· Informal education
· Non formal education
Formal education happens in a controlled atmosphere with the specific goal of instructing pupils. Formal education is usually provided in a school setting, with a classroom of many pupils studying alongside a certified instructor. The majority of school systems are built on a set of beliefs or ideas that guide all educational decisions. Curriculum, physical classroom architecture, student-teacher interactions, techniques of evaluation, class size, educational activities, and more are examples of such options.
Informal education is when you are not enrolled in a school and do not utilize any other type of instruction. A parent, for example, may educate a youngster how to make a meal. Reading a lot of books from the library may also provide an informal education for teachers.
Adult basic education, adult literacy education, and school equivalency preparation are examples of non-formal education. Adults (or kids who are not in school) may gain literacy, other fundamental skills, or work skills via non-formal education.
Pre-service teachers; - pre-service teachers offer distinct perspectives on political, pedagogical, and discipline-based disputes that are seldom discussed (Welch, 2010). According to research, pre-service teacher education is often the initial stage in a teacher's professional growth. It provides pre-service teachers with fresh views as well as information and skills preparation (Wilke, 2004). It gives them subject-matter knowledge as well as pedagogical content knowledge, or how to teach. Pre-service instructors must understand how to arrange and deliver material in a manner that is understandable to pupils. They must be capable of making decisions concerning resources, teaching methods, and assessment. Teachers must also have a broad range of skills in the areas of classroom management and discipline. In addition to providing pre-service teachers with knowledge and skills, the teacher as educator must consider the pre-service teachers' perceptions as they enter and develop during their training (Pajares, 2004).
Pre-service teachers should have the following characteristics: